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The Knowles Review of Economic History (KREH) is a student-run journal publishing academic essays annually, on topics related to economic history, history of economics and social history.
Any LSE student, including undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate students, and recent LSE alumni who have graduated in the academic year prior to the publication date of each KREH issue can submit manuscripts for consideration to the Journal. The best submissions received will be published by KREH.
KREH accepts submission from current LSE students who are also research assistants. If you are a research assistant and your manuscript contains work you did as a part of your research assistant role, you must provide us with written evidence of permission from your supervisor and collaborators to submit your manuscript.
More information on author and collaborator attributions can be found in the “Plagiarism” section below.
2. Accepted Manuscript Types
We encourage any LSE student or recent alumni with an interest in Economic History or Social History to submit work of an academic standard for consideration to KREH. All manuscripts should directly relate to the Economic History and Social History fields. We will accept for consideration academic essays (including essays you have submitted as coursework), broader literature surveys, and original research (including summaries of dissertations), in addition to book reviews of leading works in the Economic and Social History fields. For the content of the manuscripts, we only require that all manuscripts submitted must engage with the academic discourse in its area of interest, and say something new: by considering a new question, re-considering an old question in a new way, proposing a new analytical approach, argument or data, or combining previous arguments in a novel way. In other words, submitted manuscripts should not simply be a re-written version of someone else’s argument.
3. Submission Timeline
The deadline for manuscript submissions is Monday of 7th week in the Lent Term at 23.59pm (midnight). In 2020, the deadline will therefore be the 2nd of March.
We will respond to authors with our decision on acceptance, rejection or revisions within one week of the submission deadline. The revisions, editorial and publications process should then take between two and four weeks to complete. We aim to publish before the beginning of the Summer Term.
4. Document Format
Manuscripts should be submitted as Microsoft Word documents. Detailed submission instructions will be provided in the Call for Submissions (typically, an email circular) before the publication of each Journal issue.
5. Spelling and Grammar
Manuscripts should be submitted with correct English spelling and grammar. Due to the expected volume of submissions, we will not accept manuscripts that require substantial corrections in spelling and grammar. KREH uses UK spelling, and if in doubt, authors should consult the Concise Oxford Dictionary.
6. Word Limits
In general, the main text of articles, excluding the title, footnotes and bibliography, should not exceed 5,000 words in length. The article as a whole, including titles, footnotes and bibliography, should not exceed 7,000 words in length.
The main text of book reviews should not exceed 2,000 words in length.
7. Manuscript FormatSubmitted manuscripts should contain components in the following order:
Due to the expected volume of submissions, manuscripts that substantially deviate from the above format will not be considered for publication.
8. Text Formatting
The main body of the text should be formatted as follows:
Other than these rules, authors can format the text at their discretion.
9. Graphs, Charts, Tables, and Pictures
Graphs, charts, tables and pictures may be included in the manuscript. If they are included, they must be useful in making or illustrating a point or argument in the main text.
In particular, pictures should be used sparingly. Graphs, charts, tables and pictures can be included within the main text or collated together in an appendix section at the end of the manuscript (see the “Manuscript Format” section for more details).
If any graph, chart, table or picture was drawn from another source, or if they contain information drawn from another source, then a full citation and attribution must be provided.
10. Citation Style
KREH uses the Notes and Bibliography citation style described in the 17th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style. A quick guide to the Chicago style can be found here: https://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide/citation-guide-1.html.
Citations should be given as footnotes. Footnotes should be numbered sequentially through the text and should be used mainly to give citations. While footnotes may also contain further elaboration of points in the main text, this should be done sparingly.
A Bibliography section should be given after the main body of the text. The Bibliography should include all the works cited in the article organised by alphabetical order of authors’ names and should follow the Chicago style.
Further detailed guidance on citations can be found here: http://www.lse.ac.uk/Economic-History/Assets/Documents/Study/masters/MSc-Documents/Citations.pdf.
Because of the expected high volume of submissions, any manuscript that does not have citations and a bibliography formatted in the Chicago style will not be considered.
11. Numbers, units, abbreviations, quotations, italicisation and capitalisation
Numbers between one and nine should be written as English words, while numbers over nine should be written as numerals. Very large numbers should be written as, for example, 1.5 million, rather than 1,500,000.
For the most part, the International System of Units (SI) should be used. For example: metres and seconds. The use of Celsius rather than Kelvin is acceptable. Other systems, such as the Imperial system, can be used sparingly. Units should be written out in full (for example: metres and seconds) in the main body of the text, except in tables, graphs and charts, where they can be abbreviated (m and s).
Abbreviations of long names are acceptable. Names should first appear in the article in their long form, followed by the abbreviated form in brackets. For example: United States of America (USA). Thereafter, the abbreviated form can be used (for example: USA).
Single quotation marks should be used for direct quotations and double quotations marks should be used for quotations within quotations.
Non-English words should all be italicised, except for non-English words that have already been abbreviated. The names of all published and unpublished works, including books and journals, should be italicised.
The names of main geographical areas should be capitalised. Subdivisions of geographical areas should not be capitalised, while political areas should be capitalised (for example: east Midlands when referring the eastern side of the Midlands, East Midlands when referring to the modern political region). The names of people should always be capitalised. Titles, institutions and events given on their own do not require capitalisation, while the names of specific individuals (including their titles) should be capitalised. For example: president; prime minister; ministry; the president, Abraham Lincoln; President Lincoln, Prime Minister Herbert Asquith, the Ministry of Defence.
Plagiarism, or presenting another’s work as your own, is unacceptable. All manuscripts must be the author’s own work. For guidance on what constitutes plagiarism, please read the LSE regulations on plagiarism here: https://info.lse.ac.uk/Staff/Divisions/Academic-Registrars-Division/Teaching-Quality-Assurance-and-Review-Office/Assets/Documents/Calendar/RegulationsAssessmentOffences-Plagiarism.pdf. A short guide on how to avoid plagiarism is available here: http://www.lse.ac.uk/health-policy/current-students/plagiarism.
All individuals who significantly contributed to the work in the submitted manuscript must be acknowledged. If you co-authored a manuscript with one or more other authors, the names and contact details for all co-authors must be provided. This is especially the case if the submitted manuscript was originally a group project, or if the work in the manuscript draws significantly from a group project. Anyone who contributed significantly to the manuscript, whether by providing important ideas or assisting in research, must also be acknowledged. Acknowledgements may be given in the text of the manuscript, but all acknowledgements must also be placed after the title page of your submission. Please see the “Manuscript Format” section for more details.
13. Acceptance Process for Submissions
We will carefully consider all manuscripts submitted by LSE students and recent alumni to KREH. A minimum of two editors will review each submission. The Executive Editorial Committee makes the final decision on whether to accept or reject submissions. The Call for Submissions for each issue will indicate the deadline for submissions and the deadline for KREH to accept or reject submissions.
14. Process for Revisions before Publication
Once a submission has been accepted, our editors aim to work with authors to ensure the publication of an article of the highest possible quality. Editors may request revisions from authors, ranging from basic changes in spelling and grammar to complex changes in style and content, although we will always aim to preserve the original argument of the author. One round of revisions can be expected for each article. While KREH reserves the right to not publish articles that are not of a sufficient standard after revisions have been made, we are confident that accepted submissions will be published after the revisions process. Further specific information about the revisions process will be communicated to authors after their manuscript have been accepted.
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
Thanks to the support of the London School of Economics there is no charge for publication in this journal.